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ABACUS


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WHAT IS ABACUS ?

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• An ABACUS is used for addition and subtraction,and the related operations of multiplication and division.It does not require the use of pen and paper,and it's good for any base number system. There are two basic forms for the abacus: a specially marked flat surface used with counters(counting table),or a frame with beads strung on wires(bead frame).

• The name ABACUS derives from the Greek word ABAX meaning table or board covered with dust.The origins of the Abacus are buried deep in the history of mankind.But it is generaly assumed that the origins of the Abacus lies in the Middle East some where in the period known as the Early Middle Ages. The model developed during that period had a wooden frame with several wires each strung with 10 beads. Three more than the Abaci we know now from Asia.

Abacus enhances the overall comprehension of Math and Boosts better and faster calculation skills and improves problem-solving abilities.It would be easy to say abacus training become an essential element of learning Mental Math.

Development of Human BrainBy The Abacus

This cerebral neocortex does not fully function at the time of birth. This is why children grow up well in many aspects if they receive appropriate stimuli that develop the nerve cells in the neocortex.

Nerve cells in the neocortex consist of 14 billion sets of motor nerves and sensory nerves. We can activate the nerve cells by providing “stimuli”.

Moving fingers and talking aloud lead to activation by providing appropriate stimuli in the large part of sensory to motor domains in the cerebral neocortex.

In this sense, starting abacus learning as young as possible is useful in activating the brains of young children.

If they come to like learning the abacus and move the beads on the abacus with fun, they will receive benefits from this experience. There is a key in making abacus-learning fun for young children so that they will grow to like it….

Dr. Toshio Hayashi, Doctor of Engineering Professor, Osaka Prefecture University, Director, Research Institute for Advanced Science and Technology (RIAST)

Development Of The Right Brain By The Abacus
It is a Method Of Mental Calculation-

The human brain consists of the right brain and the left brain.

The Left Brain is also referred to as the digital brain. It controls reading and writing, calculation, and logical thinking. It controls three-dimensional sense, creativity, and artistic sense.

Right Brain & Dementia, we need to develop an education system that would train the students’ Right Brain first. In addition, it is also found that if one trains the right brain, it is less likely to get dementia.

In the abacus method of mental calculation, the learners manipulate abacus beads in their heads to carry out a calculation. This had led us to speculate that this operation was effective in training the right brain. Nowadays, it is called a Mental Math.

The development of cerebral physiology and machines accurately measure the amount of blood flow in the brain, recent studies have proven that the abacus method of Mental Calculation is extremely effective in activating the right brain.

Completion of abacus learning ensures mastery of the Mental Calculation.

Dr. Toshio Hayashi, Doctor of Engineering Professor, Osaka Prefecture University, Director, Research Institute for Advanced Science and Technology (RIAST)

Why Abacus?

• The Abacus is not only a calculating tool but it is aProgram to enhance the Brain Power and upgrading the Brain skills of the children of the age group 5 to 13 years.

• Abacus eliminate the fear of mathematics by making Arithmetic calculations easier.

• Abacus Training not only improves the mathematics but also creates interests in mathematics.

•It helps to improve academic skills and helps to tackle the day-to-day challenges.

Advantages of the Abacus

One of the advantages of the abacus training is that learners can calculate simple mathematical problems rapidly and accurately. In addition, they acquire the ability to do mental calculation utilizing the abacus image, which allows quick calculation without actually using the abacus.

These characteristics show positive ripple effects on the solution of various mathematical problems. On the other hand, the Non-Abacus learners' calculation methods become fixed, and the students tend to lack flexibility in thinking out innovative ways to solve problems…

…some measures must be taken to keep the learners from being bored since the repetition of simple procedures is often accompanied by boredom…

1.Verbal Thinking And Image Processing (Visualization)

Usually, ordinary people calculate in their mind using inner voice, as in one hundred minus 7 is 93…

What is important is that the ability to visualize can be put to use for other subjects and behaviors…

The ability developed by abacas can be used effectively in different ways.

..for the beginners, abacus learning is useful to easily grasp images in addition and subtraction problems, because the beads are moving in front of their eyes. It also allows understanding the decimal system.

2.Acquires the ability to calculate rapidly and accurately and to calculate mentally.

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